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Boeing 777 Specs, what makes this giant twin work?

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Boeing 777 Specs

As you will see in our Boeing 777 Specs tables below, this flagship aircraft of the Boeing stable is an impressive giant twin. Taking the flagship role over from the Boeing 747, Boeing has grown this modern airliner from the Classic series in the mid-1990s to the Boeing 777x series which first flew in January 2020.

The Classic series comprised two main passenger versions plus a Boeing 777 Freighter version. Two main Classic passenger versions are the Boeing 777 200 and the Boeing 777 300 variants. Although their air-frame measurements such as wingspan, wheel track and tailplane are the same, the major difference is the fuselage length. Being significantly longer in the fuselage, the Boeing 777 300 outstretches its sister, the 777 200, by 10 metres, comparatively adding a far greater passenger capacity.

The Boeing 777 was the longest aircraft in the world..

Boeing 777 300 was the longest airliner in the world until the introduction of the Airbus A340 600. Boeing is currently in the final stages of testing the brand new Boeing 777X model. This updated 777 was due to go into service in 2020, however, due to updated certification requirements and the Covid19 travel downturn, it is more likely that the 777X will be delivered in 2023.

Boeing 777 Shorter range variant dimensions.

Boeing 777 Specs exterior200_300_short_range

Boeing 777 Specs 200LR and Boeing 777 300ER

Longer-range versions of the Boeing 777 200 and Boeing 777 300 were introduced by Boeing in response to airline demand for this aircraft to service long-haul intercontinental routes.  

On 12 December 2011, Boeing received ETOPS 330 approval for the:  Boeing 777 200LR, Boeing 777 300ER, Boeing 777F and Boeing 777 200ER equipped with General Electric engines.  This means that these aircraft are certified to fly over water provided they can fly to the nearest available suitable landing spot in under 330 minutes, flying on one engine only.

Boeing 777 longer-range variant dimensions.

Boeing 777 Specs 777exterior200_300_long_range

With improvements in the dependability of jet engines that has allowed these longer overwater flights, comes the leap forward of the viability of long haul twins. The adage of four engines for over water is less relevant as we have seen the demise of the Airbus A340, the Boeing 747 and now the Airbus A380 as well. For this reason, Boeing is placing their money on the Boeing 777X to take them into the future. The reception by the public and equally the prospective customers at the 2021 Dubai Airshow was very positive, especially when Boeing wowed the crowd with some very high-performance displays.

Boeing 777 Specs seating map examples

777seating_charts
777cross_sections
Boeing 777 cabin sample cross-sections.

Boeing 777 Classics Table

Jump to Boeing 777X (777-8 and 777-9) and Freighter Spec Table for those variants.

Variant 777-200 777-200ER 777-200LR 777-300 777-300ER
Flight Crew
2
2
2
2
2
Capacity 301 (3-class)400 (2-class)440 (max.) 301 (3-class)400 (2-class)440 (max.) 301 (3-class)400 (2-class)440 (max.) 365 (3-class)451 (2-class)550 (max.) 365 (3-class)451 (2-class)550 (max.)
Length 63.7 Metres(209 feet 1 Inch) 63.7 Metres(209 feet 1 Inch) 63.7 Metres(209 feet 1 Inch) 73.9 Metres(242 feet 4 inches) 73.9 Metres(242 feet 4 inches)
Wingspan 60.9 Metres(199 feet 11 Inch) 60.9 Metres(199 feet 11 Inch) 64.8 Metres(212 feet 7 Inch) 60.9 Metres(199 feet 11 Inch) 64.8 Metres(212 feet 7 Inch)
Wing Sweep back
31.64 Degrees
Wing Area 427.80m2 427.80m2 436.80m2 427.80m2 436.80m2
Tail Height 18.5 Metres(60 feet 9 inches) 18.5 Metres(60 feet 9 inches) 18.6 Metres(61 feet 1 inch) 18.5 Metres(60 feet 8 inch) 18.5 Metres(60 feet 8 inch)
Cabin Width 5.87 Metres(19 ft. 3 in.) 5.87 Metres(19 ft. 3 in.) 5.87 Metres(19 ft. 3 in.) 5.87 Metres(19 ft. 3 in.) 5.87 Metres(19 ft. 3 in.)
Fuselage Width
6.20 Metres(20 ft. 4 in.)
Maximum Freight Capacity 162 Cu Mtr(5,720 cu ft)32× LD3 162 Cu Mtr(5,720 cu ft)32× LD3 162 Cu Mtr(5,720 cu ft)32× LD3 216 Cu Mtr(7,640 cu ft)44× LD3 216 Cu Mtr(7,640 cu ft)44× LD3
Empty operating weight 134,800 kg (297,300 lb) 138,100 kg (304,500 lb) 145,150 kg (320,000 lb) 160,500 kg (353,800 lb) 167,800 kg (370,000 lb)
Maximum landing weight 201,840 kg (445,000 lb) 213,180 kg (470,000 lb) 223,168 kg (492,000 lb) 237,680 kg (524,000 lb) 251,290 kg (554,000 lb)
Maximum Takeoff Weight(MTOW) 247,200 kg (545,000 lb) 297,550 kg (656,000 lb) 347,500 kg (766,000 lb) 299,370 kg (660,000 lb) 351,500 kg (775,000 lb)
Typical Cruise Speed
Mach 0.84 (905 km/h, 490 knots) at a cruise altitude of 35,000 ft (11,000 m)
Maximum Cruise Speed Mach 0.89 (950 km/h, 512 knots) at a cruise altitude of 35,000 ft (11,000 m)
Maximum Range 5,240 NM(9,700 km) 7,065 NM(13,080 km) 8,555 NM(15,843 km) 6,006 NM(11,120 km) 7,370 NM(13,649 km)
Takeoff distance in International Standard
Atmosphere at Mean sea Level.
2,530 Mtrs(8,300 ft) 3,570 Mtrs(11,700 ft) 2,970 Mtrs(9,750 ft) 3,380 Mtrs(11,100 ft) 3,200 Mtrs(10,500 ft)
Maximum Fuel Capacity. 117,348 Ltrs(31,000 US Gal) 171,176 Ltrs(45,220 US Gal) 181,283 Ltrs(47,890 US Gal) 171,176 Ltrs(45,220 US Gal) 181,283 Ltrs(47,890 US Gal)
Service Ceiling 43,100 ft (13,140 m)
Engines x2 Options PW 4077RR 877GE90-77B PW 4090RR 895GE90-94B GE90-110B1GE90-115B1 PW 4098RR 892GE90-92B/GE90-94B GE90-115B1
Engine Thrust per engine. PW: 77,000 lbf (342 kN)RR: 76,000 lbf (338 kN)GE: 77,000 lbf (342 kN) PW: 90,000 lbf (400 kN)RR: 93,400 lbf (415 kN)GE: 93,700 lbf (417 kN) PW: 98,000 lbf (436 kN)RR: 93,400 lbf (415 kN)GE: 92,000/93,700 lbf (409 kN)/(418 kN) GE: 115,540 lbf (514 kN)
Variant 777 200 777 200ER 777 200LR 777 300 777 300ER

Boeing 777X (777-8 and 777-9) and Freighter Spec Table

Jump to Boeing 777 Classic Specs Table

Variant 777-8 777-9 777 Freighter
Flight Crew
2
2
2
Capacity (2 Class)
384
414 (42J + 372Y)
N/A Freight
Length 69.79 Metres(229 feet 0 inches) 76.72 Metres(251 feet 9 inches) 63.7 Metres(209 feet 1 Inch)
Wingspan Folded: 64.8m(212ft 8in) Unfolded: 71.75m(235ft 5in) 64.8 Metres(212 feet 7 Inch)
Wing Sweep back
31.64 Degrees
Wing Area
516.70m2 Aspect Ratio 9.96
436.80m2
Tail Height 19.48 Metres(63 feet 11 inch) 19.68 Metres(64 feet 7 inch) 18.6 Metres(61 feet 1 inch)
Cabin Width
5.96 Metres(19 ft. 7 in.)
5.96 Metres(19 ft. 6 in.)
Fuselage Width
6.20 Metres(20 ft. 4 in.)
Maximum Freight Capacity
230.2M3 (8,131F3) 653M3(23,051F3)37 pallets
Empty operating weight
144,400 kg (318,300 lb)
Maximum landing weight
266,000 kg (587,000 lb) 260,816 kg (575,000 lb)
Maximum Takeoff Weight(MTOW) 351,500 kg (775,000 lb) 347,815 kg (766,800 lb)
Operating Empty Weight (OEW) 180,000 kg (775,000 lb) 144,379 kg (318,300 lb)
Maximum Payload 73,500 kg (162,000 lb
Typical Cruise Speed
Mach 0.84 (905 km/h, 490
knots) at a cruise altitude of 35,000 ft (11,000 m)
Maximum Cruise Speed
Mach 0.89 (950 km/h, 512
knots) at a cruise altitude of 35,000 ft (11,000 m)
Maximum Range 8,730 NM(16,170 km) 7,285 NM(13,500 km) 4,900 NM(9,070 km)
Takeoff distance in International Standard
Atmosphere at Mean sea Level.
2,990 Mtrs(9,800 ft)
Maximum Fuel Capacity.
237,761 Ltrs (52,300 US Gal) 158,900 kg (350,410 lb
181,283 Ltrs(47,890 US Gal)
Service Ceiling
43,100 ft (13,140 m)
Engines x2 Options
General Electric GE9X-105B1A
GE90-110B1GE90-115B1
Engine Thrust per engine.
GE9X-105B1A: 110,000 lbf (489 kN)
GE−110B: 110,100 lbf (490
kN)GE−115B: 115,540 lbf (514 kN)
Variant 777-8 777-9 777 Freighter

For a more detailed look at the Boeing 777 Specs, a sort of Boeing 777 blueprint, click here.

If there is more you want to learn about this airliner, please visit Boeing 777 Home, Boeing 777 Assembly, Boeing 777 Order Book, Boeing 777X and Boeing 777 History,

We welcome your comments below, is there more we could be showing or are there topics you would like to see? Thank you.

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91 thoughts on “Boeing 777 Specs, what makes this giant twin work?”

  1. hi, very informative and nice structarized content. but I came here to look for SFC and Cruise thrust for 777-300er. if possible need answer in lbs unit. waiting for ur response. thanks 🙂

  2. Hi, I was wondering if you could answer a few questions for me. All of the questions are for the Boeing 777-300er

    1) What is the minimum speed it needs to take off?
    Answer: Like many things in aviation, there isn’t one single answer to that question. The factors that need to be considered are the weight of the aircraft, the air pressure on the day, and the height of the runway above sea level which affects air pressure. The speed of course is airspeed not speed across the ground. If there is a strong headwind down the runway, the ground speed at take-off will be less. If there is no wind then the airspeed and the ground speed will be the same. Typically that speed is between 130 – 160 knots (241 – 296 KPH).
    2) What is the length of runway needed for this plane to take off?
    Answer: The length of runway required for takeoff is governed by the same conditions as above for the takeoff speed. Weight, air pressure and altitude. Additionally, wind speed and direction play a large part here. If you have a strong headwind already passing over your wings before you even start your takeoff run, you will achieve your required airspeed much sooner and therefore need less runway. Of course, the less favourable the headwind is, the longer the runway required will be.
    3) What is the maximum landing speed?
    Answer: Once again an answer with many considerations such as aircraft weight, air pressure and altitude of the runway. Typically the landing speed would be between 110-130 knots(241 – 204 KPH).
    4) What is the length of runway needed for this plane to land?
    Answer: Here we need to consider the weight of the aircraft, down to calculating the weight of the fuel that is left in the tanks after the trip. The altitude of the runway will determine the ability of the reverse thrust braking system to work effectively due to thicker or thinner air. The surface of the runway whether it be wet or dry will determine the effectiveness of the wheel braking system. Wind will determine how fast the aircraft is travelling across the ground on touchdown and how long it will need to brake thereafter. The minimum for these large jets would sit around 2,500 metres(8,202 feet) plus RESAs(Runway End Safety Areas) which are surfaced areas at the end of the runway to capture possible runway overruns.

    Thanks for any help you can give!

  3. Chris Bolle Steele

    What is the minimum runway width for the varying B777 models to conduct a 180-degree turn on the runway, in the event of an emergency and there are no tow bar/tugs. Meaning, if one of the B777 had to do an emergency landing/divert to an airfield with only 150′ wide runway and no tug/tow capabilities, would the aircraft be stuck?

  4. hi this is great informations ..
    i have a project and i am working on the bulkhead seat of boeing 777 i am trying to design something really useful so i need all the dimension of bulkhead seat everything about that seat in boeing .. please if you know any thing any dimension tell me that would help so much

    1. Hi,
      thanks for stopping by. The seat dimensions are really down to the ordering airline. They have many choices of seat type, pitch(the distance between seats front to back) depending on their intended use of the aircraft. So I guess the question to ask is, what aircraft are you desinging, does it belong to a certain airline? If so, perhaps that airline may give you the info you need.
      Good luck.
      Peter

  5. Pingback: The Differences Between the Boeing 777 Variants - Aviation for Aviators

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